Profile of Gary Gallon
“Who’s the guy with the afro?” This iconic picture of SPEC’s early days often draws that question. His name is Gary Gallon. For us, his name stands for leadership and passion, and he’s remembered as a lively, intelligent, energetic, and dedicated young man with a huge capacity to motivate and lead. His sense of direction shaped several SPEC campaigns and had a long-lasting effect on public policy, particularly in the energy portfolio.
His daughter, Kalifi Ferretti- Gallon, says his environmental sensibility was self-taught and that his time at SPEC set the direction for the rest of his life as an environmental giant in Canada, which ended too soon. He died of cancer, still in the prime of his work, at 59, three weeks after receiving the Canadian Geographic Lifetime Achievement Award, one of many recognizing his leadership in the Canadian environmental movement.
Kalifi came into our office a few weeks ago and introduced herself as Gary’s daughter. She is firmly treading in the footsteps of her parents. Her mother, Janine Ferretti, is an influential environmentalist with the Inter-American Development Bank, with oversight of the effect of the Bank’s activities on social and environmental degradation. Kalifi is studying at the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability at UBC, researching global deforestation rates and mitigation opportunities. She dropped into our office, as part of an intentional journey to reconnect with her father’s past.
Like a lot of kids, she was not always interested in her parents work, but she grew up surrounded by their values and a multitude of leaders in the Environmental movement. Since his death, she has done a number of things that reflect his influence and their strong family bond in regards to her career.
Gary grew up in Bakersfield, CA, where his father was the Sheriff’s deputy and where environmentalism was not a topic of dinner table discussions. He dodged the Vietnam draft and moved to Vancouver where he worked as a janitor, a part-time pool hustler, and, for a couple of years, as a stockbroker by day and a SPEC volunteer by night. He became SPEC ED in 1972 and fairly quickly set a course of integrating environmental values and sustainable development. It became his life’s work.
Along the way, Gary protested pesticide use, helped start Energy Probe, opposed unnecessary hydro dam construction, etc. He joined the Greenpeace crew protesting nuclear testing off Alaska in 1971. He and Bob Hunter, a founding Greenpeace member, were lifelong friends and deeply bonded in the development of Greenpeace—Gary “loaned” Greenpeace office space and administrative assistance in the SPEC building. The men are fondly remembered by colleagues as sharing beer and conspiring together at Bimini’s on 4th Ave into the evening.
Bob continued on a more radical activist path and Gary pursued the intersection of economy/environment/and development. He received Canada’s “Environmentalist of the Year” award in 1977 for his opposition to oil tanker traffic along the BC coast and a campaign to save the Fraser Estuary.
In the mid-70s, Gary left SPEC to become executive director of the new United Nations International Environment Liaison Centre based in Nairobi, Kenya. The post included oversight of the new UN Environmental Program (UNEP) that continues to this day. Kalifi is named after a beach in Kenya where her parents met. Gary and Janine moved to Toronto to start a family in the early-80s.
During this era, Gary is credited with starting the first Blue Box Program and was a founder of Probe International, a close relative of Energy Probe and a highly respected Canadian NGO created to address issues of financial and environmental accountability by Canadian government and corporations working in other countries. Also in the ’80s Gary became chief policy adviser to Jim Bradley, generally considered Ontario’s most effective Environment Minister, with a team that extended Ontario’s blue box recycling program and strengthened enforcement and penalties for polluters. Following on the great campaign of the Canadian Coalition on Acid Rain, he got the government of Ontario to introduce regulations on acid rain while working with Jim Bradley who pushed those regulations through the government.
There are many other elements to the story of Gary’s achievements. Here is a link to an excellent article written by a friend of Gary’s shortly before his death.
Gary was one of the key figures in the first decade of SPEC’s life and was instrumental in setting the stage for the next four decades of SPEC’s work. Kalifi says that he and Bob Hunter spoke frequently about their SPEC/Greenpeace days, and Gary credited SPEC as starting him down the path that became his legacy—as one of the foremost environmentalists in Canada.
On behalf of SPEC volunteers and staff, thank you, Gary.
— Carole, SPEC President
SPEC just received a small, but significant grant, to start the Environmental Elders Engagement Initiative, or the SPEC Elders Project, for short. In a recent interview on CBC, David Suzuki, considered one of Canada’s most dedicated defenders of the environment, spoke about his determination to awaken elders to the power of their wisdom role in society. (David Suzuki Turns 80, Reflects On Eco-Morality And Mortality, The Current)
"Happy Belated Birthday to David Suzuki who turned 80 on March 24, 2016."
In 1971, David Suzuki was SPEC vice president. As we embark on the SPEC Elders Project, we invite him to consider himself a SPEC elder by virtue of his amazing contributions and guidance he has offered all of us.
In April 2012, he spoke about withdrawing from the Suzuki Foundation in order to speak out as an elder. While he’s seen as a passionate advocate, there’s a growing quality of unyielding frankness and wisdom that comes from this new role, which he refers to as the most important time in his life. In the interview, he says that he is no longer trying to build a career, get a job or promotion, chase money or power, or play any other role than to freely speak his mind and share his wisdom. He says that he sees it as a responsibility of elders to troll through the successes and failures and to share from their hard learned/life earned wisdom, to speak truthfully from the heart.
As a board member with SPEC, I was so grateful to hear this interview, as it fits so well with our initiative. For me, I would like to encourage other seniors to reclaim their elder wisdom, to shift their priorities and recover this dignified role in society as “wise elders.” Suzuki tells us to, “get off the golf course and get off our doffs and get on with the most important time in our lives!” I noticed, as I’ve aged, more and more conversations with retiring friends are travelogues. I’m not against travel and pleasurable hobbies. But, is it not more rewarding and important to carve out a role of support and encouragement to younger generations? They’re facing anxious choices and daunting odds and we have something to offer that is unique to our age – a long lifetime lived, which is not guaranteed, making it even more valuable to share.
A friend recently told me a life lesson learned was to “stay in the process and let go of the outcome.” That is an example of elder wisdom, in my view. Suzuki’s response to those who say we’re doomed is, “What the hell is that! If you really think it’s too late, then shut up and go away. We’re going to fight right to the end!” And the end can be just as important, or even more so than, the middle and the beginning.
And here is an opportunity to get started. SPEC’s, Environmental Elders Engagement Initiative has three elements:
1. A Core Team (Environmental Elders Circle) who will share their wisdom with the SPEC Board and Committees to strategically prepare for the next 20 years and guide the outreach to other elders.
2. A program Inviting community elders to volunteer in projects (both SPEC led and led by other community organizations) where they can share their knowledge, experience and wisdom.
3. A larger pool of community elders who share occasional salons with the opportunity to discuss what it means to “reclaim elder wisdom” and to share difficulties with what we’re leaving behind for future generations to solve.
Does this resonate with you? Email me at email@example.com
You can also support this project by making a donation here
As many other charities and environmental organizations, we look for ways to communicate to the public the issues and solutions we think are important. One of our supporters, Rick Pollay, who is an expert in marketing and advertising, brought this recent ad to our attention and shared with us his impression of its effectiveness. We thought this might be an interesting conversation and educational piece, so we asked the Skeena Watershed Conservation Coalition if we could share this image with our readers. What do you think?
— SPEC ED Oliver
Rick Pollay, Curator, History of Advertising Archives, UBC
I applaud the eye-catching color and graphics, especially in a black and white newspaper context, with a strong use of the visual to dramatically convey the message concept of the “watershed moment” in the “go – no go” choice faced. This reliance of the visual, not the verbal, is vital as research shows that most ads don’t get noticed, and even for those that do get noticed, fewer than 10% of viewers get past the headline text. Far too often advocacy ads rely too heavily on words alone to get their idea(s) across. In ads, as in life, the picture is worth a 1,000 words at the least, especially when the words go largely unread.
The “go – no go” choice is treated with symmetry, splitting the entire image, including Justin’s face and necktie, exactly in half with “climate action” and “climate disaster” illustrated by symmetrical (natural, colored) rays of light vs. (industrial, black & white) smoke stack pollution, the latter visualising greenhouse gasses in a bit of poetic licence. This contrast is reinforced by a single forceful and credible quote for each half, wisely refraining from overkill with multiple quotes, evidence and argument best left to other modes of communication. Of lesser import, but adding to overall efficacy of the ad by resonance, are the word play of “watershed moment” with protecting a watershed; the symmetry of the whole fish and the fish skeleton; the visual references to both air and water issues; the placement of the “natural” choice of the left, and the “industrial” choice on the right.
The message is very personalized to Justin Trudeau in its headline, portrait rendering, direct quotation and “Dear Justin” salutation in the body text from the sponsoring organization. Their identity, skeenawatershed.com, is left to the very fine print at the very end. While this might have been larger, showing self-confidence and pride in this ad, it is entirely reasonable that the focus of the ad stay on Trudeau and the decision he and his government face, not on the organization authoring the plea, as this can easily be become a distraction. More important, in my view, is the appeal to Justin to “stand with science” and make a policy decision based on evidence, not ideology, and that the evidence weighed include the decision’s impact on First Nations, fish habitat, and greenhouse gasses.
Hello fellow SPEC friends, donors and volunteers, Jamie here.
I started my internship at SPEC about a week ago.. I am a student from Sweden, and I´m on my last semester in school. Doing an internship is mandatory, and I wanted to do something different. Coming to Vancouver was easy to decide when I started to read about it. Now I can help out as a research student — see below for a document on Canadian climate indicators that I found — as well as learn about SPEC and the work SPEC does. I’m so excited to be here.
On Tuesday, I participated in two SPEC Climate Change workshops at Kitsilano Secondary School for ninth graders — and that was something let me tell you. I went there not knowing what to expect.
First of all the school is huge. I got lost. It´s not that I haven´t entered a big school before, but this one was a maze. I turned two corners, then I looked back and I didn´t recognize my whereabouts. It all looked the same to me.
When I finally arrived, my next surprise was that the class was taught in French. Oh dear. I know two more languages besides English, being Finish born in Sweden. I had both languages taught to me, not bragging at all, but French is not one of them. So again I felt a little lost.
Amelia was holding the Climate Change workshops (in English luckily) and she´s really sweet. She was the facilitator and is a SPEC volunteer. In this workshop, secondary school students learn about climate change and our current methods for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.
We all have experienced an increase of storms, flooding and drought. So, it was really interesting to hear what we, as humans, have done to make the environment go haywire, or as we say in Sweden,“gå åt skogen."
Some of the information Amelia shared made me feel like a participant on the TV show “Are you smarter than a 5th grader?” And, I didn’t know what to answer. I felt clueless.
In the second workshop I felt more comfortable in my shoes and was able to participate in the group activity. The students, in groups, discussed and decided how they thought we could help the Earth not exceed the 2° pre-industrial temperature limit.
The group activity is a game adapted from a Princeton University developed workshop, the Stabilization Wedges Game. The students pick 8 of 15 carbon reducing strategies that they though would keep carbon emissions flat for the next 50 years.
We could use, for instance, wind electricity or nuclear energy wedges. It was really interesting to see how the first class was for nuclear energy and many in the second workshop were against it. One of the boys looked at me and whispered, “I don´t think nuclear energy is as bad as everyone says.”
This was another surprise for me that the boys in the classes had such strong opinions. Many of the girls were all for being as green as possible; whereas the boys thought nuclear energy has had more success over the course of years, and it is not as harmful as many let on.
Sometimes the discussion got a bit heated (pun intended). That's when I decide I should help out.
When I mentioned my country, Sweden, as a good example of different ways to produce energy, according to the students this wasn't a fair example. According to them, Sweden has the best living standards and is one of the leading countries in reusable energy.
First of all, I didn´t know that they knew so much about Sweden. Second of all, as a Swedish citizen, I still think we have a lot to learn. Not everything is perfect in Sweden.
This workshop has given me a really good recap of what I learned in school, so I noted to myself that maybe we, as a country, need Climate Change Workshops too.
I found it really meaningful that volunteers like Amelia can remind us about climate change, not to go over the 2° limit, and to think twice before taking the car.
I mean, after two World Wars and the Industrial Revolution, in just the last one hundred years, we have changed the way we live quite significantly. If we are going to continue to use cars the way we do now AND even increase their usage, yes then I think we are on a slippery slope, and it’s raining.
Here is the document I found, Indicators of Canada’s Changing Climate, which identifies changes to Canada’s climate over the past 50 to 100 years, along with some selected impacts on Canadians and their environment.
All the best,
The Fraser River needs your help. LNG, Coal, Jet Fuel... numerous proposed industrial projects in this sensitive estuary hinge on tankers gaining access up-river of the George Massey Tunnel, over which only shallow or partially loaded ships can pass. Access to Information requests have revealed that Port Metro Vancouver and Surrey Fraser Docks have lobbied the provincial and federal governments to build a bridge and remove the tunnel, and intend to dredge the river far deeper.
The tunnel is the gatekeeper of the Fraser and all of its inhabitants, and so the Provincial government has devised a plan to remove it. Millions were spent on seismic upgrades & shake-alarm on the Massey tunnel in 2007-09, but now they're selling us a 10-lane mega bridge for a whopping $3.5 Billion (so far), and telling us it is necessary to ease traffic congestion. It will shift congestion a few kilometers northbound.
Until February 15th, the Environmental Assessment Office (EAO) is receiving comments for the pre-Application period of the "George Massey Tunnel Replacement Project". As outlined on the EAO website, the assessment "examines major projects for potentially adverse environmental, economic, social, heritage and health effects that may occur during the life cycle of [the project]". These adverse effects are many. They are far-reaching. Some are province-wide, and some are global in scale. And for the most part, they are irreversible.
The Fraser River is the largest overwintering area for waterfowl in Canada, supports the world's largest salmon run, and is designated as a Canadian Heritage River and a "Wetland of International Importance" (Ramsar.org). Delta and Richmond farmers depend on the river for irrigation, and farm on lands that are coveted by Port Metro Vancouver for expansion of port facilities. With industrialization, people living in communities along the river would face extreme hazards in case of spilled oil, gas or LNG, and health impacts due to coal dust.
Luckily, this project is not a "done deal". A group of residents and organizations from Richmond, Delta, Vancouver, and throughout the region have begun organizing to stop the proposed Bridge and the industrialization of the Lower Fraser River that the bridge is designed to enable. They organized a Rally and leafleted outside the Project's Open Houses on January 26 & 27 to protest the bridge and highlight its negative impacts on growth patterns, agriculture, fishery, wildlife, climate change, and public spending, among myriad other concerns.
The group (soon to be named) is demanding disclosure of the rationale and business case for the bridge, study of alternative options, and review of many studies & previous policies which do not favour a bridge, including the Regional Growth Strategy. It is demanding meaningful consultation with municipal governments and the public, and real action to achieve Canada's global climate commitments.
Please tell the EAO what you think should be studied and assessed in this project. Go to Masseytunnel.Realhearings.org for more info, and to submit your comments and ensure they are cc'd to relevant politicians.
Kimi Hendess from FarmWatch
Terry was first hired by SPEC (1971) as a graphic artist to illustrate SPEC’s public campaigns and education materials used in schools. He is a gifted artist and today is part of an artist’s collective on Pender Island where he lives. But he also made an outstanding contribution to SPEC as a researcher in the area of energy conservation, public policy and regulatory oversight. Cliff Stainsby (past SPEC President and ED, and close colleague of Terry’s) says, “SPEC lived off Terry’s research for decades.” Terry describes himself as the nexus of a large network of people doing various aspects of the research, that he was merely the one that brought it all together. But his university training in electrical engineering, his passion for detail and accuracy, his ability to see the important connections, to chase down the missing pieces and to assemble it all into comprehensive reports won him respect and acknowledgement from his colleagues.
Terry compiled documents that became the basis of a SPEC energy policy critique presented to the National Energy Board and to Provincial officials with highly significant results: It established that proposed hydro dams were unnecessary in terms of energy demand and, if developed, would squander both environmental resources and provincial finances. Second, it demonstrated that BC Hydro was operating without regulatory oversight, and forced the hand of the Provincial government to change the regulatory framework and provide accountability in the public interest.
Gary Gallon, former SPEC Executive Director and a close colleague of Terry’s, was convinced that SPEC could prove that BC Hydro didn’t need the electricity from 45 proposed new dams and power projects and that, in fact, current production was being wasted. Terry says, “I saw that what he was saying was right but that it would become opinion unless it was backed up by fact. So I just collected a whole bunch of facts and put them in reports and slide shows.” SPEC hired people to do research, tapping into government documents and BC Hydro documents, along with the research of universities and other environmental agencies – all of which Terry collected, synthesized and focused on the case for efficiency and conservation. SPEC had federal funding to develop “Energy Conservation” and “Conserver Society”(2) slide shows (which Terry researched, so-wrote and composed music for) to educate the public at the same time that SPEC was pressuring the Provincial government to change the laws that had allowed BC Hydro carte blanche to develop dams, investing billions and causing vast environmental change without appropriate regulatory oversight.
Terry, an articulate and effective speaker, carried his research message, with others, to Ottawa and other venues including the National Energy Board, to argue the SPEC case. He commands an impressive ability to synthesize, distill, and articulate a clear and compelling message. His research and advocacy supported a SPEC campaign that delayed the construction of the Revelstoke Dam and, most importantly, compelled the Provincial Government to take the time review the regulatory framework and require the needed oversight and approval by the BC Utilities Commission before any new dam construction (3). Cliff Stainsby and others utilized the same research in stopping construction of the Site C Dam on the Peace River in 1984 and Past president David Cadman (‘96-03) affirmed that Terry’s research was relevant and effective 20+ years later in fighting unnecessary dam construction on Vancouver Island. Essentially, utilizing Terry’s research, SPEC stopped the wholesale expansion of large scale and unneeded hydro dams from 1984 up to the recent approval by the Utilities Commission for the $8.3 billion revival of the Site C project. (Perhaps we’ll do another article soon on the revived Site C project.)
Terry and I have spoken several times by phone and in person. It’s clear that his spec days are still vibrant in his memory and he enjoys explaining this very important era of our past. He (and partner Kathleen Lightman (4) travelled from Pender Island to the anniversary celebration where he spoke about SPEC’s work from that era. Terry represents the face of SPEC that is about solid research and persistent negotiation to bring about change based on reliable information and conservation ethics. He left SPEC in 1979 and moved to Pender Island with Kathleen but he remains fundamentally engaged and committed to ecological values.
Why is chocolate an environmental issue? Because palm oil, an ingredient used in some chocolates, is the main driver behind much of the deforestation happening in tropical peat forests of Indonesia and Malaysia, among other places.
Tropical peat forests are home to a diversity of plant and animal species, and are important carbon sinks, which means they have an important role in climate change issues. To learn more, here is one article to get you started: Palm Oil and Global Warming (Dec 2013, Union of Concerned Scientists)
By reading the label, you can avoid buying chocolate made with unsustainably produced palm oil, which can be a challenge. Another option is to search for information about a company’s corporate social responsibility, or palm oil charter.
Here is a list of some to get you started. Keep in mind things change, so please follow up as best you can.
And, Happy Valentines Day!
Phantom leaks occur when microwaves, computers, TVs, and other electrical devices continue to draw energy even when they're turned off, up to 15%.
The solution—unplug them.
A convenient way to do that is to plug devices, such as your computer, and their peripherals, printers, speakers, monitors, etc. into a power bar that you manually switch off. Unplugging your rechargers for smart phones and iPads is also smart. Remember—if it's warm, it is drawing energy.
Different devices leak different amounts. You can find out how much it at: http://20somethingfinance.com/electrical-leaking-standby-appliance-list/.)
Collectively, phantom leaks can account for about 10% of your household energy bill. Given the average of 30 domestic electrical devices, the cost savings of stopping that leak is many times the cost of power bars. Many of us already have them but have to climb under desks and into cabinets to use them. If you commit to making your power bars accessible, they can begin paying for themselves right away. And you can feel proud of yourself for doing your part to reduce your electricity usage for the environment.
Smart strips are another option. They are a type of power bar with the added convenience that they deliver electricity to some outlets while shutting it off to others. This allowing you to turn off the computer and peripherals but leave the light and/or the clock on, for example. Some smart strips can be set by a timer to turn off automatically, others sense occupancy in the room and shut off devices accordingly. However you choose to organize it. Not all are readily available, but your local store may have one for about $40.00 apiece.
These smart strips are more expensive but offer more flexibility with savings.
Google Search: phantom energy leaks and smart strips
Image credit: http://www.energycaretech.com
Prepared by Carole Christopher
Vancouver, BC - 2015 May 12 - SPEC (Society Promoting Environmental Conservation) has released the first ranking of Canadian cities-based on solar energy policy. Amongst the large Canadian cities - Edmonton, Calgary and Toronto were ranked best, with Surrey and Vancouver at the bottom of the list.
The ranking which looked at the cost of municipal requirements for installing residential photovoltaic systems highlights a significant range of regulations. The costs in Vancouver, which has the most expensive policies, are over twenty times the costs in the the top ranked municipality. Seventeen municipalities from across Canada were included and data was collected both from online policy statements and surveys of local solar energy installers.
Vancouver’s place at the bottom of the list is especially noteworthy given that the city has set a target of moving to 100% renewable energy. Prior to 2014,, Vancouver would have ranked number 10 but new policies moved it further down the list.
Eugene Beregovoy, a home owner in Surrey who is currently installing a solar energy system, said that the municipal requirements add 12% to the system cost. He stated that the requirements make the system, “Worthless to install. It will take an additional 3 years for my system to pay for those costs.”
SPEC is recommending that municipalities adopt the Solar America Board for Codes and Practices guidelines for an expedited permitting process. This policy developed by a team of professional engineers has already been adopted by cities in both the US and Canada, including Toronto, Calgary, Seattle and San Jose. Municipalities could also move to a low flat fee electrical permit as the city of Toronto has done. More details on this can be found at:http://www.solarabcs.org/about/publications/reports/expedited-permit/pdfs/ABCS-11_1page.pdf
Additionally, municipalities could move to a lower flat fee for the electrical permit as Toronto has done.
The table below ranks Canadian Cities on the cost of municipal requirements for a 5 kW photovoltaic system (standard flush mount on a residential roof).
By now, most people have seen photos and read news accounts of the fuel spill that occurred on April 8th, 2015 in English Bay, the impacts of which are still being determined. It is important to note that Vancouver’s waters are under federal jurisdiction and are overseen by the Vancouver Port Authority while the Canadian Coast Guard is tasked with responding to such an emergency.
It is clear that the response to the spill in English Bay was both slow and poorly coordinated. It took over six hours for the Coast Guard to respond (from Richmond - 17 nautical miles from where the Kitsilano Coast Guard station, now closed, used to be) and 12 hours to notify the City of Vancouver. As different levels of government point fingers at each other, the bigger question remains: what would this have looked like if, instead of a grain ship purging fuel, it was an oil tanker? If, instead of 2700L it was hundreds of thousands of liters?
The Kinder Morgan project plans to twin the Trans-Mountain pipeline and dramatically increase the number of tankers carrying crude oil from the Tar Sands through Vancouver’s waters. The resulting increase in tanker traffic poses serious threats to the marine ecosystems, people and wildlife (not to mention the implications for our climate). We support the work of the City of Vancouver as they prepare a strong case of concerns for the Kinder Morgan project which will be presented to the National Energy Board reviewing the project. We agree with the City of Vancouver that it is our right as citizens to have a say in decisions that could endanger our ecosystem, economy and food supply.
To do our part, SPEC’s Energy Committee works to educate individuals, businesses and children about renewable energy and energy saving methods to reduce their energy footprint. SPEC offers opportunities for groups and individuals to view and learn about practical, long-term energy solutions to climate change. SPEC’s Zero Fossil Fuels Campaign raises awareness about the issues related to the use of fossil fuels in our community and educates people on how we could completely eliminate the use of all fossil fuels within the City of Vancouver using strategies that have already been implemented here or elsewhere.
If you are looking for a way to get more involved, become a SPEC member and/or volunteer with one of our committees or programs. You can also sign up for our newsletter to stay up-to-date with our campaigns.
We also encourage our supporters to check out the Georgia Strait Alliance, a citizen-led advocacy organization fighting for protection of the marine environment in and around the Georgia Strait.
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