By Robin Hadac and Nikoo Boroumand
At the Farm to School BC Spring Celebration, one of the schools SPEC works with, John Norquay Elementary, was awarded the highest award for a school garden. The Farm to School BC Pollinator Award recognizes Farm to School programs and school teams that act as pollinators within their community: buzzing around their gardens, kitchens and classrooms to build healthy food systems, transferring and sharing knowledge, fostering thriving learning environments, and supporting the development of young healthy “seeds”, who will grow up to one day offer the fruits of their labour back to the environment and community.1
This esteemed award went specifically to John Norquay’s school garden committee, which includes Valeria Kao (parent volunteer), Linda De Jardin (grade 6/7 teacher), and Ivy Chang (K/1 teacher) as well as the involvement of many others at the school, such as Gary Loong (grade 5/6 teacher), the school librarian/resident garden carpenter Mark Warkentin, the very supportive current principal Tim Krug, the former principal Margaret Jorgensen, and the former vice principal Sharon Vieira, and at least 15 teachers that have been involved in the garden program each year. The gardens at John Norquay are a testament to the teamwork and collaboration this school embodies, and this award reflects the strength of their community.
Pictured: Val (parent volunteer) accepting the Pollinator Award on behalf of John Norquay’s School Garden Committee
John Norquay started their garden four years ago with the strong support of their teachers, like Linda De Jardin and Ivy Chang, and parent volunteers, especially Valeria Kao. Val applied for funding to start and grow the school garden over the past four years, leading to 18 garden boxes, 2 garden storage boxes, a 3-box compost system, 4 fruit trees, winter hoop houses, 8 grow lights for indoor seedling cultivation, a mason bee home, a large rain-covered blackboard sign, and an annual supply of soil amendment.
Each year, about 15 classrooms manage and maintain the gardens, including 8 classrooms that engage in the SPEC School Gardens Program. Teachers bring their students out into the garden and plant seeds, grow food, and harvest the food for the end of school year harvest celebration. The 8 classrooms engaged in SPEC garden lessons come out in the garden in the Fall to learn about saving seeds, composting, and preparing the gardens for the winter. In the Spring, they learn to direct sow cold weather crops, start and take care of seedlings in the classroom under grow lights, transplant seedlings, and learn about pollinators and beneficial insects. Last year, they even built an insect hotel for the garden.
Pictured: Kindergarten and grade 1 teacher Ivy Chang brings her students out into the garden and allows them time to explore and become comfortable and respectful around plants and insects. She teaches them which plants and flowers are edible right from the start of the year, and continues to bring her students out weekly to go around the garden and munch on a variety of edible plants. By the end of the year, the kindergarten and grade 1 students are fully versed in the plants growing in the garden.
Linda involves her grade 6/7 class in making sure all of the boxes are well watered throughout the Spring. Val teaches the students how to set up the watering system and trains them in effective watering techniques. Other grade 6/7 classes are often involved, and the grade 7s train the grade 6s so that they can take over the watering for the next year. This year, Gary Loong's grade 5/6 class have been trained and sharing the big task of watering the large garden.
Students who are not a part of the garden program with their class are able to join a garden club that Linda and Ivy run during lunch time. The garden club learns to save seeds, grows and transplants seedlings, and takes care of the garden.
For the past three years, the teachers get together and plan a harvest celebration in June, with the help from Val and other parent volunteers who pick up extra ingredients and find tables and dishes. Each class picks one or two vegetables from the garden and uses it to make a dish with their class. Last year, teachers set up stations with each dish, and the classes rotated around and learned about the different vegetables being used in each dish, fun facts about the vegetable, and how the vegetable was incorporated and prepared into that dish.
Even the school librarian plays a part in the gardens. The librarian is a trained carpenter and helped students construct trellises for the garden boxes. He is also called upon whenever there is a repair to be made in the garden, which he happily helps with. And he has an unofficial tool library which has been handy in the garden for things that come up unexpectedly.
The importance of community is reflected in the accomplishments of everyone working with Norquay’s garden. It is easy to see how the garden team functions as pollinators in their community, build healthy food systems and supporting the development of students who will grow up and give back to the environment and community, making them a perfect fit for the Pollinator Award.
And the impact of the gardening program on students can be seen almost immediately. This Spring, Val found funding to have Lori Snyder deliver native plant walks to every single division in the school (over 20 divisions), after which students have been seen identifying and tasting local plants in the schoolyard. From SPEC’s perspective, it is easy for Nikoo, the Program Coordinator, to see how the students learn and grow with the garden throughout their time at Norquay. Not only can students identify which vegetables and herbs are growing in their garden, but they also understand the time and hard work it takes to deliver fresh, healthy, and tasty food onto their plates.
1. The First Annual Pollinator Award went to a program that exemplifies the four Farm to School pillars: healthy, local food in the bellies of students; hands-on experiential learning in the garden, kitchen or community; school and community connectedness; and supporting sustainable regional food systems. (See https://farmtoschoolbc.ca/three-core-elements/ for more detailed description of these F2S pillars).
2. SPEC would like to thank our funders for supporting Nikoo and the School Gardens Program: Acme Delivery Company, BC Gaming Community Grant, Gaia Green Products Ltd., Home Depot, Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetics, School parents, SPEC individual donors, TD Friends of the Environment Foundation, and Telus Community Board.
By Dr. Carole Christopher, SPEC President & Elder
Image: Kinder Morgan Trans-Mountain Expansion construction. From Burnaby Now.
SPEC opposes the local pipeline expansion on the basis of environmental risk. But we also believe that the deeply polarized public discourse around this and similar projects is a major factor stalling efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change. We view sustainability as not just a set of positive ecological actions but also positive social actions, including reaching across the chasm of differences to promote respectful dialogue and de-escalate toxic discourse. We believe it is possible to forge understandings of different viewpoints and win respect on all sides, irrespective of the outcome and that this is a crucially important historical moment in which to develop our capacity to handle difficult conversations with a spirit of human solidarity.
Last month I heard an interview on CBC Sunday Edition with three Indigenous entrepreneurs who spoke about the increasing prosperity of First Nations through greater control of resource development on reserves. Listening, I nodded in agreement. After a long and brutal history of eviction, exploitation and genocide, I support the right of indigenous nations to control and prosper from resources in their jurisdictions. Then the issue of pipelines came into the discussion. The three guests were among the 40+ First Nations that have signed agreements with Kinder Morgan along the inland route of the pipeline expansion.
It was asserted in the interview that the opposition to the pipeline in BC was led by “self-interested activists.” I was disappointed in this characterization on two counts First, the opposition has been led by coastal First Nations who have brought law suits against the project and have maintained an ongoing vigil at the site of Kinder Morgan operations on Burnaby Mountain. For some reason, their leadership is often ignored by levels of government, the local media and certainly by advocates of the pipeline. It is a clear disservice to leave this information out of the discussion and to ignore that indigenous people in BC are also asserting their right to control development in their territory. What seems a reasonable assumption is that both inland and coastal First Nations have weighed the risks and benefits of the project and arrived at different perspectives and we come to more measured and less bitter outcomes when we credit all perspectives as expressing values that are important to the different players.
A second disappointment was the choice to characterize non-indigenous opponents as "self-interested activists." This frame was developed by PR firms working for the tobacco industry to cast doubt on the motives of opponents. It is now being heavily deployed in the service of the fossil fuels industry. Implying that activists are “self-interested” while those pursuing economic gain are not is a line of reasoning that should collapse under the scrutiny of a single careful thought. Yet, the persistent labeling of activists has undermined public trust in a category of people who are very often speaking on behalf of a public good and sacrificing their own time, energy and money and sometimes facing stiff legal implications to do so. That is not to say that business is not a public good or that activists don’t also label opponents but there is a huge discrepancy in their relative capacities to launch expensive PR campaigns to undermine public trust in the other.
It is possible to take exception to a point of view without labeling the person unfairly and falsely. I was at a housing town hall recently where a person behind me shouted “liar” at another participant who asserted that everyone he spoke to held his view. Clearly the shouter felt his view was not represented in the sample but did that entitle him to accuse the speaker of lying? The speaker probably associates mostly with people who think as he does, resulting in a biased sample. But equally likely the shouter also associates with people who agree with his views. The more contentious the issues the more likely we only read, listen, and discuss our views with those who think like us. Confirmation bias is an extremely common human tendency leading us to only see or even seek out what we already believe and ignore other views.
When PR firms set about to build a public consensus that activists are “self-interested” and untrustworthy, they do so in a cynical manner. Most of the time when we label and attack another person, we do so because we’ve not learned good dialogue tools and we resort to poorer, less effective tools including toxic and weaponized language against one another. And we do that primarily because we experience some level of fear.
When fear arises, some run away, some freeze and some become more aggressive. Knowing that might help explain what happens in public debate such as I’ve described and why it’s creating a polarized and toxic public square and driving us apart when we need to come together and collaborate on some pretty crucial concerns. The path to a sustainable future must include social as well as ecological solidarity. In order to develop a global response to the growing climate crisis, we need to build a capacity to express clear and sharp differences without engendering deep and entrenched divisions.
I saw an inspiring example of this when I went up to Burnaby Mountain in late April. I was impressed by the clear and distinct point of view expressed without name calling and with respect and good will towards all. The eldership and youthful leadership of the Tsleil Waututh was impressive and set a tone that was followed by all the players. Concern for the “commons” was the hallmark of the day and I left buoyed by the experience of human solidarity. It reflected a deep commitment to a better way. Can this way withstand the challenges of the wins and losses we will inevitably confront? Time will tell if we can pull ourselves together and pull this off, but I believe it’s a worthy place to focus our energies in this historical moment.
By Olga Lansdorp, Tara Moreau, and Robin Hadac
Today, there is a group of individuals representing educational institutions, non-profit organizations, cooperatives, and other groups with a focus on small-scale, diversified agriculture, who are all aware of what the other organizations strive to accomplish over the next five years. They are also aware of the funding opportunities slated to come through from the Ministry of Agriculture in the near future, and thus are primed to collaborate and take advantage of funding opportunities. Six short months ago, things were less organized and less cohesive…
It all started with a conversation at a SPEC-organized Small-Scale Farming Symposium in January 2018 (Figure 1). The event was targeted at farmers themselves, and included presentations and discussions about soil fertility, soil drainage, farmer resilience, pest management, and specific farm questions. At that symposium Tara Moreau (UBC Botanical Garden and SPEC), Emma Holmes (Ministry of Agriculture) and Karen Ageson (Farmers on 57th and Vancouver Urban Farming Society) discussed the idea to have a meeting for people involved in promoting small scale farming. The idea was to support the supporters, or at least bring them all together to discuss a coordinated strategy for supporting small scale, diversified farmers.
"The idea for bringing together all the folks working in small-scale agriculture was brought forward by Tara Moreau, a SPEC board member, at the recent Farmer-to-Farmer SPEC symposium. SPEC, along with other organizations, was very helpful in assisting me in coordinating the event and making it a successful meeting series. The meetings have already led to greater organization and collaboration and will hopefully continue to lead to a connected and thriving network of people and organizations supporting small-scale agriculture in B.C." -Emma Holmes, Organics Industry Specialist at B.C. Ministry of Agriculture
The idea caught on, and the list of invitees kept growing as organizers reached out to stakeholders involved in small-scale farming. On April 5, 2018, the first Meeting of Leaders in Small-Scale Agriculture was held at the UBC Botanical Garden. At that meeting 20 stakeholders representing BC Association of Farmers Markets, BC Ministry of Agriculture, Certified Organic Associations of B.C., FarmFolk CityFolk, Foodlands Cooperative of B.C., Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Small Scale Food Processors, Small Scale Meat Processors, Society Promoting Environmental Conservation (SPEC), University of British Columbia, UBC Botanical Gardens, University of Fraser Valley, and Vancouver Urban Farmers Society attended. Each stakeholder introduced themselves, projects they are currently working on, and shared their five year vision for agriculture in BC. Emma Holmes outlined the Federal government’s upcoming funding programs; we left the meeting ready for more.
This led to the second meeting on May 8, 2018, aimed to take the discussion a step further and seek our opportunities for collaboration. There were 24 people in attendance, representing educational institutions, non-profit organizations, cooperatives, and other interested parties, with a similar attendance to the April meeting with the addition of Smithers Farmers Institute, Fields Forward Society, Lillooet-Pemberton-Whistler-Squamish, Thompson Rivers University, and Young Agrarians. Many ideas were discussed at the meetings, and break-out groups focused on farm schools, research, and agricultural extension. Attendees left the meeting excited by the possibilities for collaboration. At SPEC we consider this initiative, the idea for which was sparked at a SPEC symposium, a great success.
The January 2018 symposium was part of SPEC’s Climate Change Adaptation for Small Scale Farmers project. This project was made possible thanks to funding from Vancouver Foundation, Whole Foods Market, Vancity, the Gow-Jarrett Millard Family, and the BC Ministry of Agriculture.
By Magali Vander Vorst, SPEC Board Member
Image: Regan in the Tupper Secondary School’s Teaching Kitchen
Patricia Regan is the chef and teacher at the Tupper Secondary School’s Teaching Kitchen, where they serve 120 to 140 meals a day and barely use any single-use plastic. Regan is a passionate educator who brings her sustainability values to the school’s kitchen counters.
When she started this job back in 2011, she walked into a kitchen with minimal recycling, overflowing bins, and piles of single-use plastic containers, not unlike most commercial kitchens in Vancouver.
But unlike most chefs, Patricia decided to change that and started asking herself one simple question: Is there another option?
Change is not easy in any industry, but it’s especially challenging when you have to juggle staff members, process lines, tight budgets, and customer expectations. “When you are busy, it’s not easy to change [a habit], it takes mental space to do it,” says Regan of her students’ first reaction to having to change their ways. “What I had to do was plan ahead, not do everything at once, and have all the answers ready.”
This is how she first got rid of the plastic boxes for the sandwiches: they used to pack the sandwiches in ‘sandwich hangers’; clear boxes that let consumers see the product they were getting. She suggested using paper bags instead. She convinced her students to start using this new packaging and created a process they could adapt to easily, without taking any extra time. This was a challenge on its own, but only the first of the many roadblocks she had to deal with. The most important one was that consumers lamented they couldn’t see what the sandwich looked like anymore.
Most industries, once faced with the customers’ unease, revert to their old habits. But Regan, who is not one to give up easily, asked herself again, "is there another option?” And so, she got printed signs with a picture of the food and placed them next to each type of sandwich.
Result? They had no change in sales, and they went from spending 42 cents on each plastic hanger to 5 cents on each paper bag. Thinking back, Regan says “it just didn’t feel like a good use of plastic.”
This first change was the most challenging for Regan as her students never thought of doing things differently than what they were used to. Then “you start doing things that make sense and people understand.”
Image: Reagan helping one of her students.
Regan started looking for other improvements. Much of the kitchen’s food comes packaged in plastic bags. She explained that they had to “clean and hang them inside-out if we wanted to reuse them, but there was no space in the kitchen to hang all those bags to dry. And, if you throw them in the garbage, they get moldy, and they can’t even be recycled.”
While Regan was looking for yet another option, the solution came in the shape of a new cooler the kitchen was purchasing. This one had metal walls, and Regan quickly figured out a solution: “My sister gave me magnets for Christmas, and we now use them to hang the bags on the side of the cooler, it’s easy to get the students to do this and it doesn’t take up space.”
This creativity and determination has driven many other changes in the kitchen. For example, cookies are not individually wrapped anymore – which is not only a waste of plastic but also takes time. “We are down to one single plastic item for every meal,” and I’m pretty sure the days for that one are numbered.
Now, the kitchen waste has gone down from six bags of garbage per day to one, and sometimes even half a bag. But, as Regan says, “this shouldn’t be the exception.”
“Plastic is not going to be around forever,” in fact, many countries are already regulating the use of plastic, banning its use for some situations or even banning plastic bags and cutlery altogether, such as in France. *
Changing small daily habits – like what we buy or the packaging we use – doesn’t only reduce waste but influences the habits of those around you. And all we need to do is ask ourselves a simple question: is there another option?
Did you find another option? Tell us about it by tagging @SPECbc on Twitter.
*Update: Vancouver is not far behind. On May 16, 2018, Vancouver City Council voted to ban plastic drinking straws and polystyrene foam containers, as well as limit the distribution of single-use plastic bags and cutlery.
Members' Corner is a new, monthly list of recommendations on our favourite sustainability-related resources.
Ruth Briggs, member of SPEC’s Board and Energy and Transportation Committee
Are you sure you can't eat that? Food waste is a huge problem globally, and while most of us have compost bins here in Vancouver, some of the things we're putting in them could end up feeding us instead. Canadians are among the biggest food-wasters in the world, with an estimated $31-billion worth of food thrown out in Canada every year. And 47 per cent of that waste happens at home! Here are some diverse tips from top chefs about how you can reduce food waste at home, including ways to use vegetable peelings for flavour and what to do with stale bread.
Magali Vander Vorst, SPEC Board member
It’s a non-profit that gathers unused fabrics from brands – some brands are so big they can’t even disclose them – the movie industry, and more. If you are crafty or need a project for the summer, this is a great place to start. They are awfully cheap and the passionate staff is always willing to give you tips for your project. I went there and bought a 4-meter long fleece fabric from MEC that I used to make a case for my large foam pad and, voilà, now I have a guest mattress! As they say on their site, textiles represent “a staggering proportion of the solid waste stream: approximately 16kg per person, or a total of 33,600 tonnes in Metro Vancouver in 2006.” What better reason than that?
Richa Chuttani, member of SPEC’s Energy and Transportation Committee
The Peel is a project, and subsequently a film, about one of the last “untouched" watersheds in Canada. It is not your typical documentary full of dry information. It is a raw, but beautiful, story of six “Canadian” artists, who are sent on a twenty-day journey through an arctic river’s eco-system to look for inspiration. With little experience in portage or with wilderness, they try to interpret and narrate their experience in their own way and in their own artistic media.
The film delicately taps into the ever-unanswered question of what it means to be Canadian and what it means to be Indigenous in a commodified natural landscape. It is a good roundabout around the politically-centered discussions about the Kinder Morgan Pipeline.
It is about the wrong ways the public, politics, and scientist are communicating our severe environmental issues and how to improve these communications between the two extremes. It’s especially interesting because it’s not just about the environment but about how some stakeholders manipulate messages to polarize society – and I found myself victim to that too! The book makes you realize we are not as opposed as we think, we have just been manipulated. These teachings can be in your everyday life – even during your elevator conversations. It’s a must read if you want to convince your uncle to recycle his plastic cupcakes boxes at the next birthday dinner.
By Andre Jankowski, from SPEC Energy Committee
Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular in Vancouver. The annual sales of EVs are rapidly increasing reflecting the growing desire among the population to switch over from gas and diesel powered cars to EVs powered by clean electricity. The most commonly cited concerns inhibiting decisions to purchase an EV are: cost of EVs, battery range, and availability of charging stations. While the first two concerns are largely in control of the EV’s suppliers, the availability of charging station is dependent mainly on local authorities and property owners. Making charging stations easily accessible, particularly at home for overnight charging, or at work for charging during work hours, will help many people decide to purchase an EV instead of a gas or diesel powered car.
While the installation of an EV charger in a house is not very complicated and can be accomplished relatively quickly by an experienced contractor, installation of chargers in condominium parkades is more complex to design, construct, and manage. According to the 2016 Census, 62% of Vancouver dwellings are apartments. This percentage is increasing. All new condominiums are required to provide electrical outlets for parking stalls, to facilitate car charging. However, parking stalls in older buildings are not likely to have electrical supply connections, sized for EV charging. Beside technical issues, there are other, administrative issues that strata corporations have to grapple with, issues like metering of power consumption and cost sharing. But do not despair! Metro Vancouver has prepared a comprehensive information package for us. If you are a resident of a condo or a strata council member or a property manager, have a look at information contained in this link:
Installation of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Strata Properties in British Columbia
This is a great place to start your project!
Carole is SPEC’s President and sits on the Food and Environment Committee. She is also an important part of SPEC’s Elder’s Circle program.
Tumbling clothes for five minutes takes the wrinkles out. I use my dryer for short spurts to get the wrinkles out, which is the major advantage of dryers over air drying. Clothes, bedding, other linens, and towels only take a couple of minutes once the dryer warms up. During that time, I hang all the items that shouldn’t go in the dryer or don’t need to be de-wrinkled. Then I hang the clothes from the dryer. Hopefully there is an area where you can hang clothes to air-dry after the five minute de-wrinkling. More than five minutes is not necessary and over-drying makes the fabrics wrinkles again.
I have clothes hangers of various types but not wire hangers in the laundry; plastic hangers for t-shirts, shirts, jackets, sweaters, etc; two pant hangers (meant to hang pants in the closet) which I use for pants, towels, napkins, pillow cases, even sheets that I triple -fold. Yes, it takes longer to dry sheets that way but they do dry. Why bother to de-wrinkle socks and underwear? I just hang them on a compact little hanging device made for these items. Other things that are not meant for dryers include tights, fleecy clothing, and most (particularly wool) sweaters. I use padded hangers for sweaters or lay them flat.
Admittedly I live in a private home where I have the luxury of a laundry area but I’ve set this kind of system up using bathtubs or showers. A sturdy shower curtain rod will hang a lot of laundry in the bathroom. An enclosed tub is a bit more difficult, but one option is buying retractable laundry lines to hang up in your shower.
An exception to the five minute rule is anything with down or feathers like jackets, pillows, and duvets. They need low/medium heat and tennis balls (or dryer balls) to bounce around and keep the downy feathers from clumping together. But once they regain their look of fullness, they can finish drying wherever you can hang or spread them.
Sun drying also damages fabrics but I dry outside when possible. I still give them the five minute de-wrinkling treatment before I hang them outside. I have a collapsible clothes rack along with some hangers that I take outside. If you can get things outside, you’ll probably love the sweet smell of sheets and clothes dried outdoors. Enjoy your “Right to Dry.” And please let us know any additional tips you have to promote this sustainability campaign.
If you would like to read the previous Right to Dry blog post, click here.
By Olga Lansdorp
Olga is the program manager for SPEC’s Climate Change Adaptation for Small Scale Farmers program.
It was a cold, windy morning in late January, but that didn’t stop the farmers, presenters, volunteers, and other interested parties from coming to the Scandinavian Community Centre in Burnaby, BC. It promised to be a day filled with talks, discussions, and activities around the topics of soil, drainage, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and farmer resilience, with plenty of time for networking and chatting in between.
The day came to a running start with an activity by Emma Holmes, the Organics Specialist at the Ministry of Agriculture. She asked attendees about their challenges and what types of extension services they would like to see, which started an atmosphere of discussion and participation that lasted through the rest of the day.
Next up was a highly popular workshop focused on farmer resilience. Kimi and Kareno of Sweet Digz Farm in Richmond led the session, which focused on work-life balance, taking care of yourself, and tools to make it through life as a farmer. Many participants commented that tidbits learned from this workshop were the most important things they learned at the Symposium.
This was followed by presentations about soil, compost, drainage, and IPM, all of which the audience listened to attentively, and participated in activities and discussions. Included in that was the passionate talk and discussion about soil health by DeLisa Lewis, the keynote speaker for the event.
Lunch was provided by Potluck Café and Catering, a social venture based out of the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver which gives meaningful employment to marginalized people. Coffee was donated by Trees Organics Coffee and pastries were donated by PureBread. Conference attendees ate well, and used breaks and meal times to connect with one another in discussions and conversations that flowed freely, and lamentably had to be broken up to allow for the next activity.
Some of the takeaways from the event were that many farmers are seeking an online platform on which to ask questions, as well as wanting more on-farm visits/extension. Many also expressed in the surveys that they would like to have more events where farmers come together like this one, or of a more casual nature.
Overall SPEC considered the event a big success, and hopes that we can host more similar events in the future!
A big thank you to our supporters who made this event possible: Growing Forward 2, Government of British Columbia, Young Agrarians, Vancouver Urban Farming Society, UBC Farm - Centre for Sustainable Food Systems, E.S. Cropconsult, Vancouver Farmers Markets, Whole Foods Market, Vancity, KPU Sustainable Agriculture & Food Systems, University of the Fraser Valley Agriculture Centre of Excellence, UBC Botanical Garden, and BC Farmers Markets.
By Art Bomke and Wayne Temple
Art Bomke is a SPEC Director and co-wrote this piece for the Delta Farmland & Wildlife Trust newsletter. You can find the complete article here.
In the Beginning: It’s hard to believe that nearly 25 years have flown by since the inception of the Delta Farmland and Wildlife Trust (DF&WT). In spite of all of the tensions and misunderstandings of the day, there was truly a window of opportunity in 1992 to mobilize a community conservation effort. Arguably the most important contribution was from Mayor Beth Johnson’s Delta Municipal government led by Councilor Wendy Jeske. Delta provided a conciliatory meeting environment, as well as technical and legal advice that enabled farmers and conservationists to come together to work out the details of an organization that would even-handedly strive to conserve and enhance wildlife habitat and support the sustainability of Delta farmers and their land base.
Landscape Approach: The principle espoused by the founders was that wildlife conservation efforts were best served by engaging and supporting the farmers who manage most of the uplands across the Fraser delta. This represented a policy change on behalf of the Government of Canada and the Canadian Wildlife Service. Regional Manager, Art Martell, and his staff deserve credit for shifting emphasis from the purchase of farmland to supporting conservation programs on farmer owned or rented land. Also, the vision for a landscape approach centered on the skills and knowledge of Delta farmers must be credited to the farmers themselves, notably Hugh Reynolds, John Malenstyn and Robert Savage.
Wayne’s World: Coincident with the efforts to preserve and enhance wildlife habitat, the UBC Soil Conservation Group was working under the auspices of the Delta Farmers Institute to develop practical approaches to reversing soil degradation as exemplified by poor soil structure, impeded drainage and declining organic matter. Much of the on-farm project work was led by Dr. Wayne Temple, a versatile researcher who was as comfortable on a tractor as in the lab or at the computer. From this joint effort arose two programs that did double duty in improving soil health and creating habitat.
Greenfields: For a number of reasons, the Fraser delta had a high proportion of bare soils, especially during the rainy season. The Greenfields Project pioneered over-winter cover crops to protect soils, add organic matter and provide upland forage for waterfowl. It morphed into the longstanding Winter Cover Crop Program of the DF&WT.
Presented by the SPEC Energy & Transportation Committee
For Vancouver residents hoping to reduce energy consumption at home, switching from a clothes dryer to a clothesline is an easy and affordable option. Yet some residents hoping to use clotheslines are being denied their right to dry.
If you live in a strata complex and have tried to hang-dry your clothing outside, odds are you have been reprimanded. That is because B.C. allows residential buildings to ban clotheslines for aesthetic purposes. Many stratas have a bylaw which states:
“A resident must ensure that no air conditioning units, laundry, flags, clothing, bedding or other articles are hung or displayed from windows, balconies or other parts of the building so that they are visible from outside of the building.”
However, it is important for residents to have the option to use a clothesline, both for saving energy and money. It is estimated that clothes dryers make up 9% of residential electricity consumption in BC. If just half of condo and apartment owners in B.C. line-dried their clothes for even one quarter of the year it would result in savings of 60 million kilowatt hours every year. That is over 1 million kg of CO2e GHG emissions per year!
The governments of Ontario, Nova Scotia and six U.S. states have passed legislation to overrule clothesline bans and SPEC’s Energy & Transportation Committee believes that B.C. should be next. The committee is currently working with a team of UBC students to research the importance of having the right to dry, with the intention of petitioning the public and bringing the results to the Vancouver City Council.
If you want to learn more about Right to Dry, come to the next Energy & Transportation Committee meeting on February 21, or stay tuned for updates on our research.
Jon Howland’s Original Report on Sightline from 2012: http://www.sightline.org/2012/05/16/does-bc-mean-bans-clotheslines/
Business in Vancouver follow-up to Howland’s article:
Credit to Rob Baxter from Vancouver Renewable Energy and SPEC’s Energy Committee for assisting with research.
Additional article from BuzzBuzzNews Canada:
Canadian charitable registration number: 118836311 RR0001
2305 West 7th Ave
Vancouver, BC V6K 1Y4
T: 604.736.7732E: admin(at)spec(dot)bc(dot)ca